Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental grammar rule that every writer must master. It`s essential for ensuring clarity and making sentences sound professional. In this article, we`ll look at the importance of subject-verb agreement and provide a lecture on this critical grammar concept.

What is Subject-Verb Agreement?

Subject-verb agreement is a grammatical rule that dictates how the subject and verb must agree in terms of their number. Simply put, if the subject is singular, the verb must also be in the singular form. If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural too. It is a grammar concept that may seem basic, but many writers struggle with it.

Why is Subject-Verb Agreement Important?

The primary goal of subject-verb agreement is to ensure the clarity of a sentence. If the subject and verb do not agree, the sentence becomes confusing, and the reader may have to read it twice to understand its meaning. A well-written sentence with proper subject-verb agreement, on the other hand, sounds professional, and the reader can easily understand the intended message.

Lecture on Subject-Verb Agreement

Now that we`ve explored the importance of subject-verb agreement, let`s begin our lecture on this topic.

Rule #1: Singular Subjects and Singular Verbs

When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular. For instance:

– The dog barks at the cat. (Correct)

– The dogs bark at the cat. (Incorrect)

In the above example, “dog” is a singular subject, and “barks” is a singular verb.

Rule #2: Plural Subjects and Plural Verbs

When the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb must also be plural. For example:

– The girls dance in the park. (Correct)

– The girl dances in the park. (Incorrect)

In the above example, “girls” is a plural subject, and “dance” is a plural verb.

Rule #3: Compound Subjects

A compound subject consists of two or more subjects joined by “and.” In this case, the verb must be in the plural form. For example:

– The dog and the cat play in the garden. (Correct)

– The dog and the cat plays in the garden. (Incorrect)

In the above example, “dog” and “cat” are compound subjects, and “play” is a plural verb.

Rule #4: Singular Indefinite Pronouns

Singular indefinite pronouns such as “everyone,” “nobody,” and “anyone” are always singular. Therefore, the verb must also be in the singular form. For example:

– Everyone wants to be happy. (Correct)

– Everyone want to be happy. (Incorrect)

In the above example, “everyone” is a singular indefinite pronoun, and “wants” is a singular verb.


Subject-verb agreement is an essential grammar concept that every writer must understand and master. It ensures clarity and makes sentences sound professional. Remember to use the correct form of the verb depending on the subject, whether singular or plural. With this lecture, you are equipped to write grammatically correct sentences that adhere to the rules of subject-verb agreement.


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